First Aid for a Broken Bone
The main problem with any broken bone is that it is a traumatic injury that needs immediate medical attention; however, there are a few first aid techniques you can use. Australia Wide First Aid offers a first aid course that will give you a better understanding but the basics are below to help anyone that gets a broken bone.
After you have called for emergency help and the person is stable, you can now immobilize the bone that is broken, especially if you are far from any help and it may take the ambulance longer than an hour to arrive or that you must take the person to the hospital on your own. The main reason you need to immobilize the broken bone is that you can help protect the body from any other injuries as well as reduce the pain. If you do not have any training, do not even attempt realigning the bone. You could do more damage to nerves and blood vessels which may cause bleeding and even cause the person to become paralyzed. You can use stints, but these will only work if a limb is broken. If the broken bone is on the torso or pelvis, you cannot use a stint.
If it is a limb, of course, you can use a stint which is the best option. You may have to use whatever you have handy, but you can create a stint that will work. According to where you are, you may have to use a stick, a rolled up newspaper or even a metal rod. You place these on each side of the broken bone and then you will need something to hold these items in place. You can tie a rope, use your belt, scarf, or even tape. When you do place a stint, be sure that you are not placing the stint on too tight or you will reduce blood flow.
Now that you have the stint in place, apply ice. If you are at home and do not have ice, you can use just about anything in the freezer. If you are out in the woods, it is a great idea to have an ice pack in your first aid kit for such incidences. Using something cold will help with the pain and swelling which will also cause less bleeding. Do not wrap the ice inside the stint as this can cause frostbite or ice burn which will just cause more issues. You should apply the cold compress for no more than twenty minutes and that the broken bone is elevated which will also help with reducing bleeding and swelling.
One of the main things to do is keep the person calm and watch for any signs of shock. These include pale complexion, feeling like they are going to pass out, cold sweats, heart rate increases, faster breathing, panicky, and confusion. If this occurs, ensure the person lies down with his or her legs elevated and support their head. Be sure to cover them with a blanket, jacket, or whatever you can find.